As per the experts in the American Institute of Architects, about half of the top twelve favorite architectural wonders of the country lie in the National Mall. No one can deny the importance of the Mall for its unique marvels. You can explore the attractions by foot or by taking a bus tour of the place. When you are on a private tour of DC, do not forget to check out the National Gallery of Art and other attractions located inside the National Mall.
The National Gallery of Art
The National Gallery of Art is a distinguishing museum in the National Mall that collects, preserves, and exhibits many works of art at very high standards. The collection inside the museum includes about 141,000 paintings, prints, sculpture, drawings, photographs, decorative arts, and media that show the development of the Western art from the Middles Ages until now.
You can find many temporary exhibitions that cover the history of art and other free programs like tours, films, lectures, concerts, and family activities in the National Gallery of Art that is located on the National Mall. The National Gallery of Art is open from Monday to Saturday from 11:00 am to 06:00 pm, and the admission to the National Gallery of Art is free. The place will be closed on December 25 and January 01 though.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial
This is the memorial of the president Franklin Delano Roosevelt. In honor of the four terms of Roosevelt, his memorial is divided to four rooms. In these rooms, murals, and statues stand to represent the times and issues starting from the Great Depression to the Second World War. While visiting the Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial, you will have the chance to understand some of the important events in the history of the country, in addition to enjoying the views of the cherry blossom and the Tidal basin.
Thomas Jefferson Memorial
Many visitors rank the Thomas Jefferson Memorial as their favorite architectural piece in the National Mall. Jefferson Memorial serves as the site of many annual ceremonies and events like Easter sunrise service, National Cherry Blossom Festival, and memorial exercises. The memorial stands as a symbol of liberty and was designed as a small version of the Roman Pantheon. It features ionic columns and marble steps. The inside of the memorial features a bronze statue of Thomas Jefferson and the walls are decorated with excerpts from his speeches, letters and the Declaration of Independence.
Korean War Veterans Memorial
The Korean War Veterans Memorial was dedicated to the nation on the forty-second anniversary of the agreement that stopped the conflict. This memorial includes nineteen different statues of soldiers that represent a squad on patrol. The soldiers are drawn from each branch of the US armed forces and the nineteen figures make a reflection on the wall, which symbolizes the border between South and North Korea. This border is called the 38th parallel. The mural wall standing alongside the soldiers has more than 2,400 photos of women, men and dogs who served in Korean War.
Vietnam Veterans Memorial
The Vietnam Veterans Memorial honors the members of the armed forces of the country who fought or died in military service, or was listed missing in action in the Vietnam War. The memorial was divided into three parts, namely the Three Soldiers statue, the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Wall, and the Vietnam Women’s Memorial. There was much controversy surrounding the unconventional design of the memorial for its lack of decoration and dark color. However, the memorial quickly became a place of grieving, healing, and pilgrimage. The Vietnam Veterans Memorial has grown into one of the most visited memorials on the National Mall.
World War II Memorial
This memorial in the National Mall honors the sacrifice of the sixteen million men and women who served overseas and the 400,000 people who perished in the Second World War. The Second World War memorial was opened to the public in April 2004 and remains one of the most visited places in the National Mall. As per the records, more than 4.2 million tourists visited the World War II Memorial in 2014. Every year, more than 300 Honor Flights bring Second World War Veterans and people who have served in the Vietnam and Korean wars, to the World War II Memorial that is dedicated to their service.
Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial
The Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial was dedicated to the nation in 2011 and pays homage to the American activist, pastor, humanitarian and well-known leader in civil rights movement, who is none other than Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. The memorial is based on a line from Dr. King’s “I Have a Dream” speech that was delivered from the steps nearby to the Lincoln Memorial. The line says, “With this faith, we will be able to hew out of a mountain of despair, a stone of hope.” In the memorial, Dr. King is depicted as the stone of hope and the granite pieces placed near as the “mountain of despair”.